Drew Rotunno Mentor: Dr. Itzik Ben-Itzhak, Bethany Joachim Bethany Joachim.

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Presentation transcript:

Drew Rotunno Mentor: Dr. Itzik Ben-Itzhak, Bethany Joachim Bethany Joachim

AMO – Atomic and Molecular Collisions DETECTOR

AMO – Femtosecond laser pulses Laser-induced molecular dissociation imaging DETECTOR

Laser + Target Neutrals Not enough energy to detect DETECTOR

Laser + Fast Neutrals DETECTOR

Q: How do we get fast neutrals? A: Neutralize fast ions

Remove an electron from a negatively charged ion Add an electron to a positively charged ion

NOBLE GASSES Argon (jet, cell) Ionization energy ~15eV / atom vs. Alkali ~5eV Very cheap and available and safe

H2+H2+ Ar H+H+ H2+H2+ H 2 (H 2 * )

Collision probability, reinterpreted as area Depends on species, both target and projectile Depends on Beam energy

H2 + + Ar, separated by product Charge transfer from Cs, by projectile A.V. Phelps (1992)F.W. Meyer et al. (1977)

Yield (H2) Number of incoming particles (H2 + ) Target particles per unit volume Length Cross Section

~ 3 cm Want 10% ?

H2+H2+ Ar H+H+ H2+H2+ H 2 (H 2 * )

diameter ~ 2 inches

MicroChannel Plate

Gas Mask

Higher length/radius ratio leads to more directed flow Preserves vacuum Ours: L/R ~ 80 W. Steckelmacher et al. (1978)

Measuring conversion factor How much H2 do we get? ( H fragments too) Maximize Fast feedback to optimize pressure Too high – double collisions, more H fragments States of molecules Populations of ground vs. excited states Hard to determine, but interesting to study

Thanks KSU, Dr. Itzik Ben-Itzhak, IBI Group, National Science Foundation